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Edward Hendrie's Defense of Flat Earth

February 13, 2016

Chicago Skyline Joshua Nowicki2.jpg
"If the earth were a globe, none of the buildings, including the Sears Tower (now called the Willis Tower), would be visible from 57 miles away."  Earth circumference is 25,000 miles. 


I wrote Edward Hendrie, author of a new 500-page flat earth book:

We live in a climate of cognitive dissonance and I don't intend to entertain any more. What exactly are you claiming? That if we travel west or east at same latitude, we do not reach the same spot?  That night and day are not caused by earth rotation?

Here is his reply: 




"Part of the glory of God and his handiwork is the fact that the earth is stationary and the sun travels in a circuit over the earth. "

"If the earth were a globe, airliners would not be able to fly on a flat and level path. Any pilot will tell you that once a plane gets to its cruising altitude, the pilot "levels off" and flies in a straight and level path. Indeed, the pilot uses the horizon to ensure that the plane is flying level."






by Edward Hendrie 
author of 9-11: Enemies Foreign and Domestic; Bloody Zion; Solving the Mystery of Babylon the Great
(henrymakow.com) 



This is the mother of all deceptions.  Without heliocentricity, [sun-centeredness] evolution would never have gotten a foothold. Heliocentricity is nothing short of the concealment of God. 

Map of Flat Earth low resolution  restored.png
The attached picture depicts a general portrayal of the flat earth. North is the center of the plane and south is the outer rim of Antarctica. If you travel east or west at the same latitude you will eventually circumnavigate the earth and wind up at your starting point. Magellan circumnavigated the plane of the earth. Circumnavigation does not necessitate that the earth be a globe. 


In Orwell's book, 1984, O'Brien told Winston Smith: "The second thing for you to realize is that power is power over human beings. Over the body -- but, above all, over the mind. Power over matter -- external reality, as you would call it -- is not important. Already our control over matter is absolute." 

It was at that point that O'Brien explained: "We control matter because we control the mind." 

The elite do not have the power to make the earth spin at approximately 1,000 miles per hour at the equator, while at the same time revolving around the sun at approximately 67,000 miles per hour. All they need to do is convince the population of the world that is what happens. That is what O'Brien meant when he stated that "we control matter because we control the mind."

By controlling the mind as to the basic nature of our world, they can control everything else we think and do. In Psalms 19:1 it states that the heavens declare the glory of God and the firmament shows his handiwork. Part of the glory of God and his handiwork is the fact that the earth is stationary and the sun travels in a circuit over the earth. 

God's creation of heaven and earth is part and parcel of his creative powers each day when he forms each person in the womb. If people lose sight of God as creator of all things, then any sin, including abortion can be justified. It is important for people to understand the nature of God's creation, because it reveals his character. In Isaiah 44:24 God states that he alone stretched forth the heavens and spread abroad the earth. A ball is not spread out. You spread out things that are flat, like a flat bed spread. God spread out the earth and he stretched forth the heavens above the earth.

"Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself." (Isaiah 44:24)

Modern science has replaced God's abode of heaven with the myth of the empty vacuum of space, thus suggesting that there is no heaven and there is no God. If there is only an empty vacuum of space, that means that God cannot be above us walking in the circuit of heaven. "Thick clouds are a covering to him, that he seeth not; and he walketh in the circuit of heaven." (Job 22:14)

Map Sun Moon flat earth.jpg
Night and day are not caused by the rotation of a spherical earth. Night and day are caused by the travel of the sun in circuit over the flat earth. The sun is much smaller than the earth, as depicted in the attached picture. It is close to and directly over the earth; it is not 93 million miles away.



Here is Hendrie's full rebuttal to the article  by L.C. Vincent Friday. 

Arthur Schopenauer famously said that "all truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." The truth of the flat earth is now in the ridicule stage. Vincent characterizes belief in a flat, stationary earth as vacuous "lunacy," "primitive stupidity," and a "pernicious and preposterous meme." He is apparently one of the ridiculers.

I once believed in a spinning, globular earth, just as Vincent does now. However, I thoroughly studied the evidence. I invite him to do the same. The evidence drew me to the ineluctable conclusion that the earth is a not a moving globe. 

GRAVITY

hendrie (2).jpeg
My book presents irrefutable proof that the earth is flat and immovable. The answer to what causes objects to fall to the ground in the absence of gravity is density. People and objects are heavier than the air and therefore do not float off the ground. There are some gasses, of course, that are lighter than air, and they float off the ground. Everyone has seen helium balloons float up in the air. Everyone understands that helium balloons are not some sort of anti-gravity devices; they float up in the air, because helium is lighter than air. Why do people not understand that apples fall from trees to the ground, not because of gravity, but because apples are denser than air? They believe in the mystical force of gravity, not because it has been proven true, but because they have been brainwashed into believing in it. Gravity does not exist. 

Isaac Newton's theory of gravity was conjured up out of necessity. A theory was needed to explain how things could stick to a spinning, spherical earth and not fly off due the centrifugal force from the spinning globe. Aren't you the least bit curious why the supposed force of gravity has never been measured or replicated in any way in any experiment? The gravitational theory requires that gravitational attraction to the earth by all persons and objects remains the same at all places on the earth. That means that the gravitational force at the North Pole is the same as the gravitational force at the equator. That poses a very real problem if the earth is spinning as alleged. That is because the centrifugal force decreases every mile toward the north pole, where the centrifugal force is ultimately reduced to zero, because the North Pole is the axis of the supposedly spinning earth. 

On a globe, as you travel north or south of the equator the circumference parallel to the equator becomes less. Consequently, the speed of the earth's spin at those more northern and southern latitudes from the equator would be slower than its speed of spin at the equator. For example, at the 45 degree north latitude, the earth's spin should be approximately 700 miles per hour. One hundred feet from the North Pole, the earth's spin should be reduced to one quarter mile per hour (1,308 feet per hour). 

Edward Hendrie Cropped2.jpg
(Ed Hendrie, left) 

As the speed of the spin is reduced, so also is the correlative centrifugal force.  What is the amount of decrease of the centrifugal force between the equator to one hundred feet of the North Pole? There would be a 4,000 fold reduction (1,000 MPH vs. ΒΌ MPH) in centrifugal force from the equator to a point one hundred feet of the North Pole. That means, assuming (as is required by the theory of gravity) that the force of gravity remains constant over the entire surface of the earth, a 175 pound man at the equator would weigh 700,000 pounds if he traveled to within 100 feet of the North Pole. Assuming the earth is spinning, the decrease in the centrifugal force as one approaches the North Pole, means that a person would be crushed by the force of gravity, before he ever reached the North Pole. The spinning earth and the mystical force of gravity are thus proven to be preposterous fictions.

Vincent's argument that those adhering to the flat earth believe that "moons and stars are illusions or flat spinning discs created by aliens" is simply false. The only flat earther who would make such a claim would have to be a government shill planted to discredit evidence of the flat earth. Indeed, his statement is the first time I have ever heard such a claim.

The evidence of a flat earth is everywhere to be seen. For example, in the photograph the Chicago skyline can be seen clearly. The picture was taken by Joshua Nowicki as he stood at Grand Mere Park, Michigan, which is approximately 57 miles away, across lake Michigan from Chicago.

If the earth were a globe, none of the buildings, including the Sears Tower (now called the Willis Tower), would be visible. They would all be below the horizon. The top of the Sears Tower would be 194 feet below the horizon. The only thing that would be visible in the entire Chicago skyline would be the uppermost 85 feet of the antennae on the top of the Sears Tower. In fact, however, the entire Sears Tower and all of the other buildings along the shore in Chicago can be seen in the Nowicki photograph. That picture by Joshua Nowicki of the Chicago skyline proves that the earth is flat.

AIRPLANES

Arline Flying Off Into Space.jpg
If the earth were a globe, airliners would not be able to fly on a flat and level path. Any pilot will tell you that once a plane gets to its cruising altitude, the pilot "levels off" and flies in a straight and level path. Indeed, the pilot uses the horizon to ensure that the plane is flying level. When visibility is poor, the pilot will use the instruments and fly a level heading, using an artificial horizon. Either way, at all times the plane flies level, once the pilot reaches cruising altitude. If the earth were a globe, the pilot would have to constantly adjust the heading of the plane and dip its nose down to keep a constant altitude. However, the earth is in fact flat, so if a pilot dipped the nose of the plane down, to adjust for the supposed curvature of the earth, he would find that he is losing altitude. If the pilot kept on that downward trajectory, the plane would crash into the earth. The fact that no such downward adjustment is made by pilots for the supposed curvature of the earth is proof that the earth is flat. Indeed, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) assumes a flat earth when training pilots and air traffic controllers using their Target Generation Facility (TGF). 

My book addresses evidence and presents a multiplicity of proofs that the earth is stationary and flat. My hope is that you decide to leave the tranquility of disinformation, and endeavor to study the evidence. An honest man who is shown to be wrong must either admit his error or cease to be honest. Are you an honest man?

--
Related-
Bible Flat Earthers Seems to Have Influenced Hendrie

--
ANTHONY MIGCHELS WADES IN:

I've been following your posts about the FET with a keen eye and was wondering whether I should respond or not. I was actually hoping someone would, but they don't and when you claim 'Anthony Migchels has succumbed', then I MUST respond.

Flat Earth illuminati.jpg
(Predicted to discredit Conservatives in Illuminati card game in 1995)

I have not 'succumbed'. And I do agree FET is a psyop.However, it is also a very important phenomenon, which blows a whole lot of stuff we take for granted out of the water.

All good disinformation is 90% correct, and this is the case with the FET too. They have exposed a number of facts of absolutely fundamental importance. I have investigated the issue thoroughly and have facilitated a lot of debate on Facebook on the issue. This was not easy: most people simply can't handle the idea of the Ball Earth being wrong, or they become FET fundamentalists over night. It's a very polarized debate. But it has been very instructive.

To give you an idea:

- They have exposed NASA as an utter hoax. It goes way beyond the hoaxed Moon landings. As it stands now, I highly doubt that they can launch anything into 'space'. Most likely (until other evidence becomes available) I'm assuming telecommunications is run through land based antennae, which gained a global reach in the early fifties, when the first presumed 'telecom satellites' were launched.

- We have NO picture of the Globe Earth. The famous Apollo picture is one of the few of which NASA itself claims it's a 'real' photograph. All other pics they feed us, they admit themselves are Computer Generated Images. And the famous Apollo picture has been PROVEN to be a fraud: there is footage available of the astronauts faking the pic by photographing the Earth from high altitude through a round window of the airplane (and not 'space ship').

- Because there is no NASA, there is also no real proof of Heliocentrism. Geocentrism is very much back at the center of Astronomy, for those who realize what the implications of the FET are. Copernicus, Newton, Galileo, they were all highly connected individuals, who could offer absolutely no proof for Heliocentrism, but who were promoted incessantly by the Hidden Hand.

- The key criticism of the FET towards the Globe Earth is really eminent in its simplicity: we simply cannot see curvature of the Earth.
There is footage of dozens of amateur weather balloons up there, and they all show a flat horizon from 30km height. Curvature plays no role whatsoever in architecture and engineering, which it definitely should.
The idea that the Earth is to big to make curvature noticeable in daily practice is nonsense. Curvature should be omnipresent. It should be easily provable, and it isn't.

antony-migchels.jpg
(left, Migchels) 

So why claim the FET is a hoax?

Because their own positions aimed at positively proving the Flat Earth don't add up. They are right about the lack of curvature, but unfortunately their positions concerning the Sun's movement are incorrect. For instance: they claim the Sun simply disappears on the horizon because of the limits of our eyesight, but daily practice shows that the Sun disappears behind the horizon while its full size is visible. It's not becoming smaller as it sets, while the FET claims the Sun is simply moving away from us.

FET is also unable to explain many astronomical events. Furthermore, I agree the FET has been launched in an absolutely typical manner, trying to suggest a grassroots movement, but in actuality undoubtedly from higher up.

I also STRONGLY disagree with the FET's idea that the Globe Earth and Heliocentrism is the lie of lies. No, people don't get up in the morning because they were lied to about the shape of the Earth.

They get up to wage slave away, to pay off the Bank. The REAL basic lie of our existence, is that we are 'free', while we are total slaves to the Banking Cartel through its Usury. Knowing the scientific facts concerning astronomy (for as far as they are known, if anything, the FET raises a whole lot of questions) does not alter the human condition, while printing some interest-free credit for normal people ends slavery and the New World Order. 

And the FET distracts from this.  So there it is: a balanced appraisal of the pros and cons of an important phenomenon!




Scruples - the game of moral dillemas

Comments for "Edward Hendrie's Defense of Flat Earth"

Ken Adachi said (February 16, 2016):

Ken Adachi said (February 16, 2016):
Whew. I'm wondering. Is it mind control programming? Hypnosis? Cult programming? It's surprising to see so many people embarrass themselves by embracing this idiocy with such determination - and going public with it, no less. In every case, the proponents of this absurdity have no real grasp of basic science, physics, geometry, physical laws, etc. They cherry pick and contort physics into pseudo science mush that's groundless. The superstition and ignorance are amazing to witness. They are convinced they are a special breed on Enlightened Individuals and the rest of us blindly cling to comfortable "myths" passed down from century to century.

Light and radio waves travel in a straight line. There are limitations on the distance light or radio beams can travel due to the curvature of the earth. Otherwise we could transmit a radio signal beam from atop Mt McKinley to Moscow if the earth was flat. There are a number of ways to prove curvature using geometry and basic laws of physics, but we have incontestable photo evidence. . .. . . . .

Photographic evidence of a round earth has been accumulating since the late 1940s. The US was able to shoot a rocket up to 249 miles above earth in 1949. In the early years of rocket development, the US and Russia would ALWAYS send cameras with FILM to record every flight from blast off to recovery of the film and camera. During the 1950s you saw news reels in movie theaters of monkeys in space flight and you could see the earth receding from the rocket as it goes up from a port window behind the monkey and get up to a height where you could clearly see the curvature of the earth. Film from high altitude weather balloons, X-15 flights to the edge of space, the orbiting Space Shuttle, the many space stations of both US and Russia before detente all have recorded MILLIONS of photos of the earth from 200-400 miles above earth showing the earth as a round sphere. How about weather satellites? How about the Hubble Telescope? All imaginary?

It's really annoying to even have these conversations. It's an affront to rational and reasoned thought. I'm just going to ignore any future emails I get on this. Enough.


Stuart D said (February 16, 2016):

well done for posting this article.

It takes guts as the world is so completely deceived by the heliocentric globe earth indoctrination that an individual opens themselves up to wrath
of deceived critics that abound in the world today.

I know whom I have believed.
A clue... it isn't some guy with an agenda.

The Holy Bible KJV 1611


Chris said (February 15, 2016):

Aircraft use things called "gyroscopes" to maintain attitude and direction. (I have already turned off what passes for thought in a large portion of the populace.)
Similar to the fact that most people have no ability to conceive, much less explain, how an entire automobile functions, very few bother to even attempt to understand gyroscopes.

Gyroscopes, which are spinning masses mounted on gimbals ("multi-directional hinges" for the scientifically illiterate) possess a property known as "fixivity in space".

Breifly stated: "A frictionless UNCOMPENSATED gyroscope's spin axis will continue to point in the same direction unless external force is applied".
It is just a property of things that spin, like why a spinning top does not fall down.

If a gyroscope is started with its spin axis pointed at the SUN and left free to re-orient by means of gimbals, it will keep pointing at the SUN. If started at noon, it will point up, as the sun moves it will keep pointing at the sun as it reaches the horizon, after which it will point BELOW the horizon, pointing straight down at midnight and then towards the sunrise in the east.

Seems like proof the sun goes "under" the earth, not in a circular track over a flat surface (or in anticipation of the mind-hyenas distracting non-rebuttal, the gyro is moving the sun).

Gyros for aircraft must be "compensated" for both earth rotation and transport rate. This is because it is important to maintain level flight, the need for which is not subject to disinformation campaigns (as of yet).

To "compensate" a gyro, GRAVITY (not density) is used. A "leveling" system of some type must be used to gently nudge the gyroscope into conformity with the facts of motion over a spherical earth. Whether the gyro is moved by motion of the plane (as when flying), or of the earth (as when parked), weights or mercury level switches are used to accomplish the "compensation" of maintaining the "local level". When maneuvering, the small amount of compensation required does not cause immediate problems.

It is because some people understand these things and design corrections for them that airplanes do not "fly off into space" (which is not possible since something called "lift" is needed for heavier-than-air craft to fly).

I shall not discuss the attributes of "inertial navigation" (which would not be understood by most, and would annoy the hyenas).

What is necessary is that when real science shows that certain things are not, did not, or could not happen as we are told, real science must be relegated to the level of fantasy, which is not difficult when dealing with a population with near complete ignorance of what science is supposed to be, what passes for it these days, and with no real powers of discrimination (the ability to tell one thing from another).

I am reminded of a quote: "The dark ages were not really that dark, but there were a lot of people running around spreading dark." (W. P. King)


Peter G said (February 15, 2016):

The fact that this previously respected "truther" has now come out with this complete - not even pseudoscience - crocka book
Is proof indeed of where his loyalties have been the whole time.

I find it ridiculous that his explanation of the"non existence" of gravity continually proves the concept of gravity by refering to the "relative densities" of various materials as an explanation of why one will settle on top of another while not realising that this is because of GRAVITY!

"Jesus Wept" what an IDIOT !
--

Peter

I am opposed to throwing the baby out with the bath water.
Much of Hendrie's other work is valid. e.g. This excellent article:

http://www.henrymakow.com/newsmediacollaborated.html



TH said (February 14, 2016):

To get to the point - yeah, it's a psy-op.
Scholars and historians have known for thousands of years the Earth is a globe.

Columbus never believed the Earth was flat. He had at least one of the maps which compose the hundreds-of-years old Piri Reis maps to guide him. They show the sphere of the Earth, and a part of Antarctica as it appears without ice.

But about modern observation. I spent 25 years as a tv news reporter and anchor. Because
I was often live in the field, one thing I did was observe, and sometimes help as our satellite truck
operators tuned in our satellite live shots. I know it's popular to believe there are no working satellites, but the truth is quite different. If you operate a tv KU or satellite truck, and don't correctly point your transmission dish at the appropriate satellite above the horizon, you will have no
live shot. We called them birds - and yes, the birds are up there in the sky, somehow. You have to point your dish at the CORRECT bird in the southern sky, then adjust transmissions on your end ( the ground ) to make the shot work. There are entire operations in which people guide satellite traffic all day. It's quite real.

As for the curvature of the Earth, this is really obvious if you travel much, or spend any time at the beach.

I live in coastal Georgia, and any given day I can go to Tybee Island and watch the tankers as they come into port and as they leave. On the way in the roll up and over the horizon. They sink below it in like manner as they leave. Ever live on the East Coast but watch a late football or basketball game in the west? It's getting to be dusk at 6pm in the late winter in Georgia - but in California where it's 3 o'clock, it's still bright sunshine. I don't just have to believe what I'm shown on live tv either - a simple phone call can confirm this phenomena. This is actually simple stuff.

The hard questions involve the fact that the sun, moon and stars appear to revolve around the Earth. I think they actually do, and I think Geocentrism is correct. I think the flat earth movement was designed to discredit Geocentrism and make everyone who doubts the official NASA story look foolish.

Rejecting the official story is okay - as long as we're careful about what we do accept. Our schoolbooks are a joke, but the FET is a joke too, and we have to be smart enough to know when someone is yanking our chain, like with flat earth.


Andrew said (February 14, 2016):

no need to beat our brains out trying to refute these "flat earth" idiots.

let them answer just this one simple question:

how thick is this disc called earth?

if they can come up with a proveable answer (not conjecture), then I will become a convert


Paula said (February 14, 2016):

The proof that they are giving that the world is flat is actually a confirmation that the world is in fact a sphere, because the first 300 to 400 feet of the buildings are obscured by horizon, which is exactly what you would expect at 57 miles away.


Derek said (February 14, 2016):

Instead of admitting they faked the moon landings, the criminals and liars behind NASA concocted the flat-Earth deception operation as a rearguard action against their critics. NASA is utterly without honor and ought to be defunded.


Bryan said (February 14, 2016):

"Curvature plays no role whatsoever in architecture and engineering, which it definitely should."

That's funny.

Curve per inch works out to .000126263. And .3409101 for the width of Sears tower.


Pete P said (February 14, 2016):

I can't believe that in the 21st century there are still people who still believe that the Earth is flat. Especially readers of Henry Makow's site. I guess some people will go for any crazy conspiracy theory out there. People like Pythagoras, Philolaos, Plato and Aristarchus already knew that the Earth was a sphere and that it revolved around the Sun centuries before Christ's time. I'm astounded that some people still haven't caught up to those discoveries 2,500 years later.

Forget about reading long-winded books with convoluted theories. Here's the only proof you need. Take a series of airplane flights headed in the same direction, say eastward. Take a plane flight from New York to London. Then from London to Moscow. From Moscow to Tokyo. Tokyo to Los Angeles. Los Angeles right back to New York. Would this be possible if the Earth was flat? Case closed.


Tony B said (February 14, 2016):

I very much like what Migchels wrote on this latest promoted insanity. Agree totally on the moon walking crap. It's no different from the Navy Seals killing bin Laden for the third or fourth time that he died.

BTW, it is simply logic concerning the "level" flight of airplanes. They set their altimeters, I think they are called, to keep the plane on an even keel with the earth. An equal distance from the general surface. That is, they more or less follow the surface of the earth. So nothing is proved either way by that "level" flight. However, as another commenter wrote, if the airplane flew constantly in one direction it would fly off the flat earth into space. Or there would be one hell of an upheaval (or is it "downheaval") if it lunged underneath to follow the bottom surface since no more top surface existed. Maybe that's where all the aliens hang out. Or would they all fall off?


JF said (February 13, 2016):

I am reading the Hendrie article. He makes some embarrassing errors. The ratio between forces is all wrong. Gravity -- by all accounts I've read, one of the weaker forces -- is still mighty enough to bend light around a star, which I'm pretty sure was empirically proven. We are tiny little bits on a mighty mass of a planet. I'm certainly no scientist, but it makes sense to me that gravity would trump centrifugal force by orders of magnitude.

Hendrie also fails to explain an observation that I have challenged multiple flat earthers to explain: the fact that the sun SINKS OVER THE HORIZON. Every sunset I have ever seen features a sun sinking VERTICALLY. If the disk scenario were true, then we would expect to see the sun swerving (right or left) and receding from view. On top of this, the flat earthers like to claim that light only travels so far. Very well. Then explain why the sun doesn't recede laterally to a pinpoint before vanishing every night.

I have leveled this challenged to multiple flat earthers, and not a single one of them has bothered even to try to give me a logical explanation. The sunk SINKS. Case closed.


Doug P said (February 13, 2016):

Flat earth conspiracies are ridiculous, as ridiculous as rockets getting outside the Van Allen radiation belt. The moon landings are quietly laughed about in the engineering community. No discussion of them is permitted in classrooms, like 9-11.


Ed said (February 13, 2016):

'll tell you why so many non-operatives fall for the FE nonsense. Eric Dubay uses a form of hypnotic induction that is discernible to the lay person by noting the measured cadence of his speech. Joel Osteen does the same thing. Not only is Eric able to put them under through a youtube video, but once he does he can program them to do his bidding, provided that it doesn't fall outside the range of their normal behavior.


Sheila C said (February 13, 2016):

Over the years of my conspiracy research, I've had my assumptions proven wrong again and again. So I've become very open minded about researching conspiracies, regardless of how improbable they initially appear.

I took a week last summer to research the flat earth theory. I gave it a good chance. I watched many videos on the topic and read many articles. And I concluded that it was a bunch of bunk.

There are many things claimed by flat earthers that I cannot verify for myself. But they are all overshadowed by the one thing that I am absolutely sure of.

Like millions of others worldwide, I have stood on the edge of the ocean and watched the sun set below the horizon. The sun disappears completely and it gets pitch dark where I live. This is not possible on a flat earth. As L. C. Vincent notes, on a flat earth the sun would always be visible from every part of earth.

I have posed this question to numerous flat-earth forums and always got a condescending lesson in "perspective," ie, the fact that things get smaller and appear to disappear as they recede into the distance. This seems to be their knee-jerk rebuttal, but it's irrelevant. For one, I already knew this, and for two, I do NOT see the sun get smaller and smaller until I can't see it at all. I see a big, fat sun sink beneath the horizon. Flat earthers can't explain this and it is the nail in the coffin for this ridiculous theory.


Sheila C said (February 13, 2016):

Over the years of my conspiracy research, I've had my assumptions proven wrong again and again. So I've become very open minded about researching conspiracies, regardless of how improbable they initially appear.

I took a week last summer to research the flat earth theory. I gave it a good chance. I watched many videos on the topic and read many articles. And I concluded that it was a bunch of bunk.

There are many things claimed by flat earthers that I cannot verify for myself. But they are all overshadowed by the one thing that I am absolutely sure of.

Like millions of others worldwide, I have stood on the edge of the ocean and watched the sun set below the horizon. The sun disappears completely and it gets pitch dark where I live. This is not possible on a flat earth. As L. C. Vincent notes, on a flat earth the sun would always be visible from every part of earth.

I have posed this question to numerous flat-earth forums and always got a condescending lesson in "perspective," ie, the fact that things get smaller and appear to disappear as they recede into the distance. This seems to be their knee-jerk rebuttal, but it's irrelevant. For one, I already knew this, and for two, I do NOT see the sun get smaller and smaller until I can't see it at all. I see a big, fat sun sink beneath the horizon. Flat earthers can't explain this and it is the nail in the coffin for this ridiculous theory.


Paul said (February 13, 2016):

Henry many things about life and science are still debatable,However your point I might add to is if you travel 25000 thousand miles as you say at the same latitude in either direction and the earth was flat you would not end up where you started if the earth was truly flat as the flat Eathers claim , you journey would instead end in space with no land beneath you in one of the two directions if the Earth was indeed flat !


TJC said (February 13, 2016):

Very disappointing. There is more proof of a flat earth than a curved earth. You keep posting bullshit from some idiot that gathers all the disinfo spread by the shill organization Flat Earth Society. Those of us doing real research, real experiments that prove its not a sphere dont believe that crap.

Most of what that guy has written is easily debunked but you dont care about that do you?


Kevin Boyle said (February 13, 2016):

The "seeing tall buildings from 57 miles" or "seeing the shoreline from miles out at sea"... these are easily explained by the simple phenomenon of the refraction of light.

the famous "mirage" seen in the desert is caused by light approaching the ground at a shallow angle when the ground is much hotter than the air above it. (i.e. when the light passes through a temperature gradient with temp decreasing as height increases). In this situation the light is refracted UPWARDS so that when your eye thinks it is looking at the ground it is receiving light from the sky and the illusion is of pools of water on the ground.

When the temperature gradient is reversed as with light passing over a cold sea (the sea is usually colder than the air above it excepting in the depths of winter) or over cold land early in the morning the bending up the light is DOWNWARDS not up, i.e. light effectively clings or tends towards the curvature of the earth.

This is why tall buildings and shorelines can be seen when we might not expect to see them. Thinking this proves the earth is flat is as false as believing that the 'water' you come across in the middle of the Sahara is real and drinkable.


David R said (February 13, 2016):

Henry I'm surprised that you waste your time on this nonsense of flat earth. As stated on your web site the Earth's shadow on the moon phases proves the earth is round.

A airliner at any altitude uses atmospheric pressure to maintain a correct distance above the surface of the earth. While flying on the British Concorde at a altitude of 60,000 feet above the earth I witnessed the curvature of the earth, and could see the black outer space while looking up from my window.The flight was during the day light hours.

About WHITE genocide, For many years now the evil elite have removed white males from the work force. I have witnessed this many times here in America (Africa) . I live in South Carolina and all the stores and banks I visit now have only black people working there. The end is near.


Henry Makow received his Ph.D. in English Literature from the University of Toronto in 1982. He welcomes your comments at